Updated: October 21, 2022
If you have been injured at work, or have had to take time off work due to a work-related illness, you may be able to claim certain benefits. These benefits are intended to support you while you are unable to work.
There are several main government schemes, including:
- Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)
- Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit (IIDB)
- Carer's Allowance
- Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
- Other Government Schemes
- Work injury compensation
Statutory Sick Pay (SSP)
Statutory sick pay, or SSP, is the legal minimum amount of sick pay that your employer must pay to you if you are unable to work due to injury or illness.
Am I entitled to receive SSP?
To be eligible for SSP, you must fulfil the following criteria:
- You must have started work for your employer. You cannot claim if you accept a position but become sick before your first day at work.
- You must be sick for at least 4 full days. This includes non-working days. You will be able to claim sick pay for these four days.
- You earn at least £120 per week. The £120 can be an average if your hours vary, and is before tax.
There are some restrictions on who can claim SSP, including:
- Self-employed workers cannot claim
- Some agricultural workers cannot claim
- Members of the armed forces cannot claim
- You cannot claim if you have claimed Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) in the last 12 weeks
- Workers receiving maternity pay or Maternity Allowance cannot claim SSP
Self-employed workers who are unable to work due to illness or injury, however, can claim Employment and Support Allowance (ESA).
You must also follow the procedure set out in your employment contract or by your employer to notify the company that you are sick. For example, you may have to send a note from a GP to confirm you are unable to work. Some employers only ask you to confirm that you are sick in writing or by email.
Can I claim compensation if I am self-employed?
What if my employer doesn't have a sick pay procedure?
If your employer doesn’t have a set process in place for claiming SSP, you should tell your employer that you are sick as soon as possible. You should inform your employer of the first day you were sick, even if this is a Saturday or Sunday, as this would be when the 4-day count starts.
You should confirm that you are sick in writing (called “self-certification”), within 7 days. If you are sick for longer than 7 days, you should get a note from your GP.
How much statutory sick pay will I get?
Statutory sick pay is £95.85 and is paid weekly. Depending on the terms of your employment, your employer may have its own sick pay scheme, but you must receive at least £95.85 a week.
How long can I claim SSP for?
You can claim SSP for a maximum of 28 weeks. You may be able to claim sick pay from your employer for longer, if a longer period is set out in your contract.
Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit (IIDB)
If you are injured at work, or you develop an illness or disability due to your work, you may be able to get Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit (IIDB).
You may also be able to claim IIDB if you were injured or became ill during a work training scheme.
IIDB is a no-fault scheme, meaning you don’t need to prove that someone else was to blame for the accident.
Paid weekly, the amount of IIDB you will receive will depend on how serious your injury or disability is.
Can I claim IIDB?
IIDB is only available for certain injuries and health conditions. Whether you can claim IIDB will depend on the cause of your condition.
In some cases, your eligibility to claim IIDB will depend on your occupation at the time the injury or illness occurred or was caused.
Self-employed workers cannot claim IIDB.
See also: Can I claim compensation if I am self-employed?
Diseases and health conditions
The IIDB scheme covers a wide range of illnesses and health conditions, referred to as “prescribed diseases”. These include:
- Vibration White Finger (VWF)
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
- Hearing loss
- Cataracts caused by exposure to red-hot or white-hot glass or metal
- Some types of osteoarthritis
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
You should be able to claim IIDB after a work accident in any of the following circumstances:
- You were injured doing something you were employed to do
- Your work was inherently dangerous, or put you at special risk
- You were helping during an emergency at your workplace
Even if you don’t meet any of the above criteria, you may still qualify for IIDB. You may still be eligible if what you were doing at the time of the accident was done for the benefit of your employer’s business, or the accident was caused by a co-worker’s behaviour, for example.
You can claim for almost any physical injury, provided that it has caused you some amount of disablement. This disablement could be permanent or temporary. You may not be able to claim for more minor injuries.
- If you have suffered a severe leg injury that has left permanent symptoms and loss of movement, it is likely you could receive IIDB.
- If you suffered a back injury and were bed-ridden for months, but the injury was not permanent and left only minor ongoing symptoms, you could still be entitled to IIDB.
- If you suffered a hand injury or leg fracture that healed within weeks leaving little or no permanent symptoms, you may not be able to claim.
You can also claim for conditions caused by exposure to asbestos, including asbestosis, mesothelioma and lung carcinomas. You may also be able to claim for pleural thickening.
How much disablement benefit can I claim?
When you apply for IIDB, a medical professional will assess your level of disablement, giving a number between 1% and 100%. You can usually only receive IIDB if a medical advisor assesses your injuries and level of disablement as being over 14%.
The below amounts are a guide only:
|Level of Disablement||Amount|
You can ask for a medical examination at home if you cannot travel.
You can also bring any evidence of the seriousness of your condition, and the medical practitioner may also request your hospital notes to complete their assessment.
To claim IIDB, you can complete a form on the gov.uk website, or request a form by phone from the IIDB Centre.
Find out how much could claim
Calculate my claim
If you are caring for someone else who has suffered a work-related injury or health condition, you may be able to claim Carer’s Allowance.
Carer’s Allowance is paid weekly at a flat rate of £69.70.
Am I entitled to claim Carer’s Allowance?
To claim Carer's Allowance, you must be providing care for someone for at least 35 hours a week. Care includes helping with cooking and washing, shopping, cleaning and other household tasks.
The person you care for must also be receiving disability benefits such as Disability Living Allowance or Attendance Allowance.
To claim Carer's Allowance, you must also:
- Live in England, Scotland or Wales
- Not be in full-time education, or studying more than 21 hours a week
- Earn less than £132 per week (after-tax)
- Aged 16 or over
If you do receive Carer’s Allowance, any other benefit payments you get may be affected.
Are there any other benefits I can claim alongside Carer's Allowance?
If you claim Carer's Allowance you could also be entitled to a number of other benefits, including:
- Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
- local authority help and support
- a reduction in Council Tax
- Pension Credit
- financial support to help pay for training
- Income Support
You will also receive automatic National Insurance Credits.
Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
You can claim Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) if you have an injury, illness or disability that affects your ability to work.
You cannot claim ESA at the same time as Statutory Sick Pay (SSP). You can, however, usually claim ESA at the same time as Universal Credit, although this amount may be reduced..
Can I apply for ESA?
You can claim Employment and Support Allowance (ESA), if:
- you are under the State Pension age, and,
- you have an injury, illness or disability that affects your ability to work
Although you cannot claim ESA if you are already receiving Statutory Sick Pay or Jobseeker’s allowance, you can apply for ESA up to 3 months before your SSP is due to end. You will then start receiving ESA as soon as your SSP stops.
Other Government Schemes
There are, or have been, a range of other government benefits and compensation schemes for injured workers, including:
- Diffuse Mesothelioma Payments Scheme (DMPS)
- Vibration White Finger (VWF) Compensation Scheme
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Scheme
- Agricultural Sick Pay (ASP)
Many of these schemes only apply to specific jobs or illnesses, and some are time-limited.
Certain schemes will end on a set date (or have already ended, meaning you can no longer apply).
Work injury compensation
Benefits like SSP and IIDB help support you while you are unable to work. However, benefits cannot fully compensate you for the harm and other losses you have suffered.
By law, if you have been injured at work, you may be able to claim compensation. The law recognises that the damage cannot be undone, so a financial award is paid to you instead, in the form of compensation.
Unlike benefits, a compensation claim award should compensate you fully for the pain, suffering and financial losses you have experienced.
You should also be compensated for lost wages if you have been unable to work during your recovery. You can claim for future lost earnings if your injuries mean you can no longer work.
Read more: Can I claim work accident compensation?
Could a claim affect my benefits?
A compensation claim will not affect your right to SSP, and the medical evidence gathered during the claims process can make it easier to claim certain benefits. Equally, claiming benefits can make it easier to claim compensation, as you will already have gathered medical records and other notes to support your claim.
However, if your total household capital (including income and savings) is over £6,000, you cannot claim certain means-tested benefits. A successful injury claim could affect your existing benefits if you get the compensation payout in a lump sum, and the sum means your household is over the £6,000 limit.
Means-tested benefits that could be affected include Universal Credit, Housing Benefit and some medical benefits, like free prescriptions.
Who pays for work injury compensation?
Compensation is usually not paid out by the government or by your employer directly.
By law, the company must have Employers' Liability (EL) insurance. Your compensation is paid out under this EL insurance policy.
Have you been injured at work?
If you have been injured at work in the last 3 years, you may be able to claim financial compensation.
Find out more about making a work accident claim:
- Do you qualify?
- How much compensation could you get?
- How does No Win, No Fee work?
Read more: Work accident claim guide
Get the right advice
Our work injury advisors will:
- Offer free, impartial advice
- Explain how No Win, No Fee works
- Recommend the right solicitor
Call me back Choose a time
If you have a work-related injury or illness, your employer is required by law to pay for workers' compensation benefits. You could get hurt by: One event at work, such as hurting your back in a fall, getting burned by a chemical that splashes on your skin or getting hurt in a car accident while making deliveries.Can you claim for a back injury at work? ›
You can claim compensation for a back injury at work if your injuries were a result of the negligence of your employer. You have three years from the date of your back injury or your diagnosis to make a claim.How is compensation worked out? ›
The amount of Personal Injury Compensation you can receive is calculated by adding together two types of compensation: general damages and special damages. Awarded to compensate you for the pain, suffering and loss of amenity associated with your injury.What is the ability to return to work? ›
What Is A Notice Of Ability To Return To Work? The Notice of Ability to Return to Work form is an advisory document. It will tell the injured worker that a doctor has released you to some form of modified duty or that you are fully recovered from your work injury.What provides treatment for workers injured on the job? ›
Workers' compensation provides cash benefits or medical care for workers who suffer an injury or become ill due to their workplace.Which is an example of an on the job injury? ›
If you get hurt on the job, your employer is required by law to pay for workers' compensation benefits. You could get hurt by: One event at work. Examples: hurting your back in a fall, getting burned by a chemical that splashes on your skin, getting hurt in a car accident while making deliveries.What kind of back injuries qualify for disability? ›
In order to be considered a 'disability,' your back pain must involve, among others, one of the following: Herniated discs. Compressed nerves. Degenerative disc disease.How much will I get for my back injury? ›
Average back injury settlements can range anywhere from $20,000 – $50,000; however, in severe cases, it is not uncommon for settlements to be within the $100,000 – $500,000 range, especially if spinal cord injuries were sustained. Car accidents can be a common culprit for back injuries.Is back pain a work disability? ›
If you have back pain that affects your ability to work, you may qualify for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits. However, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has strict requirements for medical conditions, and not all back issues fall into one of those categories.How is pain and suffering calculated? ›
The insurance company, or a jury, will determine how many days you are expected to be in ongoing pain or discomfort. They then apply your daily rate of pay to the equation and multiply the days of pain by your rate of pay per day. It can be difficult to decide which method to use to calculate pain and suffering.
General damages or non-pecuniary losses are those damages which cannot be mathematically assessed at the date of trial. The predominant head of general damages in personal injury claims is pain, suffering and loss of amenity although there are a number of other heads of general damages which must also be considered.What is the average employee compensation? ›
Total employer compensation costs for private industry workers averaged $40.79 per hour worked in March 2023. Wages and salaries averaged $28.76 per hour worked and accounted for 70.5 percent of employer costs, while benefit costs averaged $12.02 per hour worked and accounted for the remaining 29.5 percent.What happens if you can't return to work? ›
Workers' compensation law contains wage-loss provisions for workers who are unable to return to any type of work. These are called total disability benefits. These benefits are based on the worker's pre-injury wage.What is a work program? ›
Definitions of works program. a program to provide jobs on public works paid for by government funds. type of: program, programme. a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need.What is it called when you have the ability to work? ›
Therefore, the ability to do work is called energy.Are employers responsible for non work related injuries? ›
The Employer Obligations after a Non-workplace Injury
Even though the employee has been injured outside of work, the employer still has responsibilities. Employers must allow the employee to take time off work to recover from the injury and undergo medical treatment.
Employers are vicariously liable under the doctrine of "respondeat superior" for the negligent acts or omissions by their employees in the course of employment.
Provide a workplace free from serious recognized hazards and comply with standards, rules and regulations issued under the OSH Act. Examine workplace conditions to make sure they conform to applicable OSHA standards. Make sure employees have and use safe tools and equipment and properly maintain this equipment.What is the employer responsibility in providing fall protection to workers? ›
To prevent employees from being injured from falls, employers must: Guard every floor hole into which a worker can accidentally walk (using a railing and toe-board or a floor hole cover). Provide a guard rail and toe-board around every elevated open sided platform, floor or runway.